Did the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki bring World War Two to an end?
Freeman Dyson wrote:
I changed my mind about an important historical question: did the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki bring World War Two to an end? Until this year I used to say, perhaps. Now, because of new facts, I say no. The facts are as follows:It's a myth that has been long believed by many Japanese, too. Ex-Defense Minister Kyuma said last year that A-bomb couldn't be helped because it had ended WW2 before the USSR occupied Japan. He was attacked by the bereaved families in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and resigned.
- Members of the Supreme Council, which customarily met with the Emperor to take important decisions, learned of the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima on the morning of August 6, 1945. Although Foreign Minister Togo asked for a meeting, no meeting was held for three days.
- A surviving diary records a conversation of Navy Minister Yonai, who was a member of the Supreme Council, with his deputy on August 8. The Hiroshima bombing is mentioned only incidentally. More attention is given to the fact that the rice ration in Tokyo is to be reduced by ten percent.
- On the morning of August 9, Soviet troops invaded Manchuria. Six hours after hearing this news, the Supreme Council was in session. News of the Nagasaki bombing, which happened the same morning, only reached the Council after the session started.