In every country, politicians love the censorship of the Internet, because many parents are afraid of the effect of "harmful information" on the Net to their children. In 1996, the U.S. enacted the Communication Decency Act (CDA), but it was rejected as unconstitutional by the Federal Supreme Court. But CDA version 2, which was limited to obscenity provisions, and the Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) were enacted and upheld by courts in 2003.
Now in Japan, Sanae Takaichi, a right-wing legislator of the ruling party Jiminto (LDP), is trying to enact a law like CIPA. It enforces the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to filter "harmful" information for children. Other politicians and bureaucrats are worrying such legislation might infringe the Constitution that prohibits the censorship and would have great chilling effects for the ISPs. However, the opposition party Minshuto (DPJ) joined the bill. DPJ's draft is very similar to LDP's. If they join, the bill would be passed in the current Diet session.
Many bloggers, including me (in Japanese), are arguing against the bill. It would be confusing to enforce all ISPs to filter harmful information, as is seen in the mobile phones in Japan, to which operators are installing filtering software. And it would be useless because there is a non-profit organization, the Internet Hotline Center, which has difficulties in treating with 85,000 claims per year to ban the harmful information. Before making a bill, it would be more effective to supply enough resources to the Hotline Center.
Now the Diet almost stopped because the opposition parties dominate the Upper House, but once it moves again, DPJ would submit their bill. If so, LDP would submit their counterpart and negotiate to unite their bills to one. Some NPOs are lobbying to Miho Takai, a leader of the group in DPJ, to stop the dangerous bill. However, mainstream media are silent, probably because the bill would kill their enemy.